Overview of Blindness in Dogs Blindness is the loss of vision in both eyes. Vision loss may arise from disorders of the structures that receive and process the image within the eye or from disorders of the visual pathways that transmit and further process the image within the brain. Acute (sudden) blindness occurs when vision is lost in both eyes simultaneously.
Category Diseases conditions of dogs
Overview Dental epulides are considered among the most common tumors of the canine mouth. Though their activity is generally considered benign, as they do not spread to distant sites, they may sometimes act invasively with respect to their neighboring tissues. In either case, their unsightly presence is far from welcome.
Overview of Roundworms in Dogs Toxacara Canis is a nematode parasite more commonly known as “roundworm” in dogs. It is found in almost every puppy at birth and affects mostly puppies and young dogs. It causes a “pot belly” appearance and can you can see adult worms shed in the feces that are long and slender most often described by clients as looking like spaghetti.
Tick Bite Paralysis in Dogs Tick bite paralysis is an uncommon illness in dogs. The condition occurs after a tick bites and attaches to a dog, begins to engorge with blood and finally secretes a toxin. This toxin, which is not fully understood, blocks the nerve function to the muscles resulting in profound weakness.
Canine Renal (Kidney) Parasites Renal parasites are worms that invade the urinary tract. Affected individuals usually have no clinical signs, especially with Capillaria species. Some pets may be extremely ill if they have associated kidney failure or severe infection. There are several types of renal parasites that affect cats and dogs.
Canine Encephalitozoonosis Encephalitozoonosis is an infection caused by the protozoal parasite, Encephalitozoon cuniculi . Protozoa are one-cell organisms that infect various cells or tissues of the body and behave as tiny parasites. Infection with E. cuniculi generally affects some combination of the kidneys, brain, heart, and lungs.
Canine Neosporosis Neosporosis is a coccidian protozoon (parasite) of dogs and other animals. It is caused by the organism Neospora caninum . Infection is most commonly transplacental, which means it is transferred from mother to fetus while still in the womb, but ingestion of the infective cyst is the most common mode of transmission in older dogs.
Canine Strongyloides Strongyloides are tiny worms that burrow in the small intestine, causing diarrhea, which is sometimes bloody. Strongyloides can be transferred to puppies through the mother's milk but most infections result after direct exposure to feces from other infected animals. Sometimes, the immature larva can migrate through the skin, causing a skin rash.
Overview of Leishmania Infection in Dogs Leishmaniasis is an parasitic infectious disease of dogs and people that is usually limited to tropical regions of the world, including South America, the Mediterranean, Middle East and Asia. The subspecies of the parasite Leishmania donovani can infect dogs, causing a disease form called visceral leishmaniasis.
Overview of Canine Intestinal Parasites Canine intestinal parasites, commonly referred to as “worms” in dogs, is one of the most common conditions seen in young puppies and dogs. Some dog owners will actually see worms in their dogs feces and others may not see any symptoms. Below is an overview of what are intestinal parasites, how dogs get worms, as well as the diagnosis, treatment and home care of worms in dogs.
Overview of Canine Tick Infestation & Control Tick infestation is the presence and attachment of a tick, a blood sucking parasite. Direct contact with ticks frequently results in tick infestation. In addition, ingestion of ticks can occur when the dog grooms. Tick infestations are more common in dogs than cats.
Overview of Hookworm Infestation in Dogs Hookworm infestation is the invasion and multiplication of the small intestine by a blood-sucking parasite. Ancylostoma caninum is the most important and common hookworm in dogs. Other less common species exist as well. Infection can be acquired before birth or during nursing from an infected bitch.
Canine Flea Infestations The flea is a common problem for dogs as well as their owners. As if flea bites aren't bad enough, some pets are “flea allergic” and develop severe itching with even trivial infestations of fleas. This occurs because the animal becomes hypersensitive to the antigens in flea saliva.
Overview of Giardia in Dogs Giardia is a protozoan parasite found all over the world. It infects humans, many domestic animals and birds. Giardia lives in the intestinal tract and infection may be asymptomatic or can result in gastrointestinal symptoms. Giardia infections (called Giardiasis) show no gender or breed predilection but are most common in young animals and in animals under close confinement, such as those in kennels, animal shelters and pet stores.
Overview of Whipworms in Dogs Whipworms are a common parasite in dogs. Scientifically, whipworms are known as Trichuris vulpis. A nematode that feed on blood, they are found in the intestinal tract of dogs and other wild canids. The worms attach to and feed on the canine intestinal wall, often causing watery and sometimes bloody diarrhea.
Canine Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis is an important cause of gastroenteritis and diarrhea in a variety of animal species, including humans. It is caused by a ubiquitous protozoan of the genus Cryptosporidium . The most common species of Cryptosporidium affecting domestic mammals is Cryptosporidium parvum .
Canine Hypothermia Hypothermia is a medical term used to describe a body temperature that is below normal. The most common cause of hypothermia is prolonged exposure to cold environmental temperatures. If left untreated, affected animals may develop signs of frostbite or may even die. In addition to prolonged exposure to cold weather, impaired ability to regulate body temperature can also lead to hypothermia.
Canine Protozoal Infections Protozoal infections are disorders caused by a variety of different organisms affecting multiple systems, causing a variety of many different signs and diseases. General Causes of Protozoal Infections in Dogs Giardiasis caused by Giardia species Trichomoniasis caused by Pentatrichomonas hominis Amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica Balantidiasis caused by Balantidium coli Coccidiosis caused by Cystoisospora (most commonly) Cryptosporidiosis caused by Cryptosporidium parvum Toxoplasmosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii Acanthamebiasis caused by Acanthamoeba species Babesiosis caused by Babesia species Cytauxzoonosis caused by Cytauxzoon felis Leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania species Trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi Hepatozoonosis caused by Hepatozoon canis Encephalitozoonosis caused by Encephalitozoon cuniculi Pneumocystosis caused by Pneumocystis carinii Neosporosis caused by Neospora caninum What to Watch For Due to the many different organisms with a variety of effects on the individual, multiple signs are seen, depending on the particular organism.
Chemical Burns in Dogs Chemical burns, sometimes referred to as caustic burns or corrosive burns, are a type of burn caused by the action of chemicals. Chemical burns are not the same as thermal burns. Thermal burns are caused by heat such as fire, candles and other sources of hot flames or high temperatures.
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Dogs Carbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless, nonirritating gas, that when absorbed into the bloodstream, forms a compound that causes hypoxia (reduced oxygen supply) of the heart and brain. Some pets are predisposed to toxicity due to preexisting heart or lung disease.
Torn Nails in Dogs Suddenly you notice - there's blood on your dog's paw and he is limping and licking his paw. When you take a closer look you see the problem - a terrible torn toenail. Toenail problems, specifically torn or broken nails, are common in dogs but rarely life-threatening. Nevertheless, they are quite painful.